Prof. William Ritter, founder of SIO,
collector, and professor of biology.
"Man is a being who consciously estimates his reciprocal acts"
"If ever we mortals attain to true self-wisdom, wisdom that is not
saving but creative of Self, we shall win it by devoutly seeking in the
of Religion, Art, and Science alternately. No man can become wise
eternal life by worshipping in one kind of temple only. And when
wisdom shal be reached each Self will have become conscious that he
is because other selves are. Each self will know
however much of ambition, mean or noble, enter into the great drama of
life, it is all only part of the stupendous totality of all things"
The Higher Usefulness of Science, p. 47-48, (1918)
"all men should be naturalists"
The whole quote comes from Ritter and Edna W. Bailey's: THE
ORGANISMAL CONCEPTION - Its Place in Science and Its Bearing on
The article was
published in UC Publications in Zoology, Vol 31, No. 14 pp. 307-358,
The last few paragraphs contain the quote:
We have now sketched the essentials of the mental
technique by which natural knowledge is acquired. That technique
rests on the unified structure and action of the human organism - in
other words, on the organismal conception applied to mankind.
Furthermore, that technique involves the great complex of
operations familiar in the history of man's accumulating knowledge as
description, definition, and classification and particularly
characteristic of the natural history sciences.
The results imply that all men should be naturalists, in the sense that
they should be sympathetic in their feeling for nature, painstaking in
acquiring knowledge of nature, eager in identifying their whole selves
with nature, and critical in examining their own mental and physical
processes in order to validate both their feelings and knowledge.
Two foremost American philosophers, John Dewey (1927) and George
Santayana (1925), who announce themselves naturalists, have recently
tilted with each other as to what kind of naturalist each is. We
venture to suggest that there is a kind of naturalist which neither of
these claims to be. That is the kind who devotes much of his time
and energy to the study of nature, doing this because of his love for
it and faith in it as that through which his own life and all other
lives exist and have meaning and worth.